5.18 The proposal to extend national police services was discussed in 1966 at the Federal Conference of the Provincial Attorney General on Organized Crime and confirmed and implemented by subsequent decisions of the Ministry of Finance, but was not formalized by agreements or a governance framework between the federal state and the federal states. Since then, national police services have continued to develop in response to the growing scale and influence of criminal activity across national and provincial borders, as well as the rapidly evolving technological advances that support the police. Today, about 70% of national police services are affected by police forces other than the RCMP. Although the RCMP absorbs about 30% of national police services, it currently pays for most of the costs of these services. In addition, there is still no agreement on the services provided. We found that the role, responsibility and responsibility of the RCMP were not clearly defined: the use of DNA testing improved the administration of justice and contributed to the overall effectiveness of the criminal justice system. Footnote 13FedSuring the basis for a review of DNA laboratory applications from municipal police departments and rcmp divisions in the lower mainland of British Columbia, footnote 14 helped to focus DNA evidence, identify dangerous offenders, eliminate suspects and link to previously unrelated events. Out of a sample of about 600 files, footnote 15 showed 25% of them that the DNA results changed the nature, direction or scope of the investigation, and nearly two-thirds of the files indicated that DNA results helped identify a suspect. In 4% of cases, DNA results helped eliminate a suspect. In 42% of the files, the study showed that DNA analysis was related to unrelated events. The provinces of Ontario and Quebec have set up medical laboratories in the province to conduct an analysis of biological records to support prosecutions in their jurisdictions.
In accordance with Section 5.1 (2) of the DNA Identification Act of 1998, the RCMP is responsible for conducting this analysis for other contract areas through its national forensic laboratories. A chronological check of the discovery and use of DNA in police work shows that it was first used in criminal proceedings in the United Kingdom as part of the investigation into the rapes and murders of two British women in 1983 and 1986, which helped to relieve the main suspect and then convict the real perpetrator of these crimes. Footnote9 Over the years, dna analysis and DNA profiling technologies and techniques have been refined to be more efficient and accurate. The ability of law enforcement to store DNA in national databases such as the Canadian NDDB revolutionized medical science and “led to the arrest and prosecution of perpetrators who were not even considered suspects in the first place.” Footnote10 In Canada, the unlawful conviction and discharge of David MilgaardFootnote11, Guy Paul MorinFootnote12 and several others provided, through DNA analysis, “powerful examples of how DNA evidence can be used to exonerate innocent people.” Footnote13,Footnote14 In fact, as shown in Table 4, the NDDB has supported nearly 53,000 studies since its inception.